Archive for the ‘Windows Server 2016’ Tag

Windows Server 2016 Setting port priority Adjusting the Network #Protocol Bindings multiple networks #winserv   Leave a comment

When building complex network configurations with Server 2016 you will need to adjust sometimes configuration settings that are not that easily to change in the GUI.

Suppose I have a big S2D cluster Or a NLB farm

In this configuration I have a Cluster that is using Storage spaces direct #S2D but On the SMB nic I don’t want to connect with RDP 

Or in the NLB farm I want to use a NLB nic that is used for RDP.

with the  Get-NetIPInterface we get a listing of the networks

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Get-NetAdapter shows us the name and nic name

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Our net step is list the current configuration and his settings for the Ports, in this case RDP

# list current settings
gwmi Win32_TSNetworkAdapterSetting -filter "TerminalName=’RDP-Tcp’" -namespace "root/cimv2/TerminalServices" | Select NetworkAdapterLanaID,NetworkAdapterName

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ID 0 which is "All network adapters configured with this protocol"

More info about Win32_TSNetworkAdapterSetting can be found here :

https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa383811(v=vs.85).aspx

when we combine this in a variable to get some more info

#show netadapter bindings for RDS

$MVPRDP = gwmi Win32_TSNetworkAdapterSetting -filter "TerminalName=’RDP-Tcp’" -namespace "root/cimv2/TerminalServices"

$MVPRDP | select -expand DeviceIDList

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As this is the network name it is not that handy use this with the get-netadapter
$MVPRDP | select -expand NetworkAdapterList

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Now we know what to set on which adapter

# ID 0 which is "All network adapters configured with this protocol". 0,1,2,3

SO ID 0 is all and start counting with 1 as I want RDP only on my MGT lan I set this on Adapter 2

$MVPRDP.SetNetworkAdapterLanaID(2)

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gwmi Win32_TSNetworkAdapterSetting -filter "TerminalName=’RDP-Tcp’" -namespace "root/cimv2/TerminalServices" | Select NetworkAdapterLanaID,NetworkAdapterName

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now a little reboot and just to make sure there are no old connections and your done.

 
Or use a register key to set this option but what fun is that.

set HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\ControlSet001\Control\Terminal Server\Winstations\RDP-tcp\LanAdapter
 

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Posted February 22, 2017 by Robert Smit [MVP] in Windows Server 2016

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Building a Windows Server 2016 Domain Controller #winserv #Hybrid #cloud #Azure #powershell   Leave a comment

Building a Domain Controller is not that Difficult but what about building this with Powershell and use the 2016 Bits.

Well lets take a peek at the Technet site https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/hh974720(v=wps.630).aspx nothing about 2016.

-DomainMode<DomainMode>

Specifies the domain functional level of the first domain in the creation of a new forest. Supported values for this parameter can be either a valid integer or a corresponding enumerated string value. For example, to set the domain mode level to Windows Server 2008 R2, you can specify either a value of 4 or Win2008R2. So

The following are the supported values:
     — Windows Server 2003: 2 or Win2003
     — Windows Server 2008: 3 or Win2008
     — Windows Server 2008 R2: 4 or Win2008R2
     — Windows Server 2012: 5 or Win2012
     — Windows Server 2012 R2: 6 or Win2012R2

Well it makes sense that the Next line would be  — Windows Server 2016: 7 or Win2016

Le me try that in Azure.

First I deploy the windows feature Active Directory

Install-windowsfeature AD-domain-services -IncludeAllSubFeature –IncludeManagementTools

The next step would be Deploy Active Directory and at the end you will be asked for a recovery password.

Install-ADDSForest `
-CreateDnsDelegation:$false `
-DatabasePath "C:\Windows\NTDS" `
-DomainMode "7" `
-DomainName "mvpdemo01.local" `
-DomainNetbiosName "mvpdemo01" `
-ForestMode "7" `
-InstallDns:$true `
-LogPath "C:\Windows\NTDS" `
-NoRebootOnCompletion:$false `
-SysvolPath "C:\Windows\SYSVOL" `
-Force:$true

I did a Force:$true So a reboot is following so no time for a screenshot and wait for things.!

But After the reboot you will have a DC

image

and Joining a DC Member : Add-WindowsFeature AD-Domain-Services

Install-windowsfeature AD-domain-services -IncludeAllSubFeature –IncludeManagementTools

Add-WindowsFeature AD-Domain-Services `
-CreateDnsDelegation:$false `
-DatabasePath "C:\Windows\NTDS" `
-DomainMode "7" `
-DomainName "mvpdemo01.local" `
-DomainNetbiosName "mvpdemo01" `
-ForestMode "7" `
-InstallDns:$true `
-LogPath "C:\Windows\NTDS" `
-NoGlobalCatalog:$false `
-NoRebootOnCompletion:$false `
-SysvolPath "C:\Windows\SYSVOL" `
-Force:$true

 

Joining a Member server

I created a noob account that is only allowed to join a server to the domain

 

Write-Host "Hostname / Node Names" -ForegroundColor yellow
$domain = "mvpdemo01.local"
$password = "Password01" | ConvertTo-SecureString -asPlainText -Force
$username = "$domain\noob"
$credential = New-Object System.Management.Automation.PSCredential($username,$password)
Add-Computer -DomainName $domain -Credential $credential
restart-computer -force

image

See how easy things can be.

 

 

Flickr Tags: Windows Server 2016,CloudOS

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Posted November 1, 2016 by Robert Smit [MVP] in Windows Server 2016

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Upgrading Hyper-v Server 2012R2 to Server 2016 now what ? #hyperv #winserv #RollingOS   2 comments

So you have done a rolling Upgrade – see Cluster operating system rolling upgrade To all your Hyper-V servers but other than a different logon screen you see no difference. Where are all the options ? Well you will need to do some extra steps. To get the full Hyper-v 2016 Server.

Illustration showing the three stages of a cluster OS rolling upgrade: all nodes Windows Server 2012 R2, mixed-OS mode, and all nodes Windows Server 2016

All the VM options are the Same Did I miss something or is there another configuration option as I created a new VM it has all the new options.

Do I need to recreate all the VM’s ?, where is the hidden option to change this ? a while a go I created a blog post on

Windows Server 2016 with Hyper-v Upgrading Configurations —Windows Server 2016 with Hyper-v Integrations tools & configuration versions

Well this was still on a TP version so the numbers has changed but not the methods. But there is no gui option in the Hyper-v Server that can flip the bit to the new Configuration version. It is done only by Powershell. with that Let us see how this is changed.

image image

Old VM settings vs the New VM Settings.

Do I need to recreate all the VM ? NO are you nuts. this would be odd. Lets dive in a little bit deeper.

In the Hyper-v Manager you can see the configuration and generation version in the 2012R2 this is version 5.0

image

In windows server 2016 the Hyper-v configuration version is now 8.0

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With the get-VM we can see the Configuration version of the VM

Get-VM | ft Name, IntegrationServicesVersion,version 

image

as you can see I have a version 5.0 and a 8.0 just as in the screen shots above.

Now changing this is a ONEWAY thing and If you have an OLD none 2016 version in your Cluster then the VM would fail if it runs on this node. Version 8.0 runs only on Hyper-V 2016 !

To list all the Supported Configurations On this Server we can do a “ Get-VMHostSupportedVersion “

 

image

So there are Currently seven different versions. With all the options why should I care setting this.

Well there are a couple of reasons why you should set this option. Make the latest Hyper-V features available on your virtual machines by upgrading the configuration version. Don’t do this until:

  • You upgrade your Hyper-V hosts to the latest version of Windows or Windows Server.
  • You upgrade the cluster functional level.
  • You’re sure that you won’t need to move the virtual machine back to a Hyper-V host that runs a previous version of Windows or Windows Server.

And you you replicate from a Hyper-v 2016 Server to a Hyper-v 2012 Server for DR then make sure you don’t run in a higher version than 5.0

When you move or import a virtual machine to a computer that runs Hyper-V on Windows Server 2016 or Windows 10, the virtual machine’s configuration isn’t automatically updated. This means that you can move the virtual machine back to a Hyper-V host that runs a previous version of Windows or Windows Server. But, this also means that you can’t use some of the new virtual machine features until you manually update the configuration version. You can’t downgrade the virtual machine configuration version after you’ve upgraded it.

The virtual machine configuration version represents the compatibility of the virtual machine’s configuration, saved state, and snapshot files with the version of Hyper-V. When you update the configuration version, you change the file structure that is used to store the virtual machines configuration and the checkpoint files. You also update the configuration version to the latest version supported by that Hyper-V host. Upgraded virtual machines use a new configuration file format, which is designed to increase the efficiency of reading and writing virtual machine configuration data. The upgrade also reduces the potential for data corruption in the event of a storage failure

Building a VM based on Windows 2012R2 configuration You should use this PowerShell command as you could see the 8.0 Configuration is default.

New-VM -Name “DemoVM17” -Version 5.0

When listing the VM Configurations you can see the difference. and easily see the 5.0 Version VM’s  config.XML

Virtual machine configuration information that is stored in binary file format. File name extension: .vmcx

image

But what if I want to upgrade the VM’s ? yes you can but only to the default level and PowerShell Only

Update-VMVersion “VM Name”

image

as you can see the DemoVm06 is already at the max level but when updating the DemoVM01 which has Version 5.0 it will be upgraded to Version 8.0 and the Config file will be transferred this can’t be undone!

Virtual machine configuration information that is stored in binary file format. File name extension: .vmcx

you can automate this and do all upgrades in onetime or have a pick list to do this. But the VM needs to be OFF no running VM can be upgraded.

TO upgrade all VM’s   Update-VMVersion * -force

Or pick the VM by yourself with a before and after version.

#Select a VM to upgrade
$vm2016= (Get-VM | select Name, Status, version | Out-GridView -Title "Select VM for update the configuration version" -PassThru).Name
#list VM configuration Version
Get-VM $vm2016 | ft Name, IntegrationServicesVersion,version 
#Convert the Config TO the default Configuration
Update-VMVersion $vm2016 -Force -Verbose
#list VM configuration Version
Get-VM $vm2016 | ft Name, IntegrationServicesVersion,version 

image

 

 

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Posted October 31, 2016 by Robert Smit [MVP] in Windows Server 2016

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Windows Server 2016 NLB Network Load Balancing non-SDN or Software Load Balancing (SLB) for SDN #NLB #SLB #SDN   Leave a comment

Windows Server 2016 Network Load Balancing. You can use Network Load Balancing to manage two or more servers as a single virtual cluster. Network Load Balancing enhances the availability and scalability of Internet server applications such as those used on web, FTP, firewall, proxy, virtual private network (VPN), and other mission-critical servers.

New in Windows Server 2016 is it includes a new Azure-inspired Software Load Balancer (SLB) as a component of the Software Defined Networking (SDN) infrastructure. Use SLB instead of NLB if you are using SDN, are using non-Windows workloads, need outbound network address translation (NAT), or need Layer 3 (L3) or non-TCP based load balancing. You can continue to use NLB with Windows Server 2016 for non-SDN deployments.

So We got now two Load Balancing features :

Network Load Balancing (NLB) for non-SDN

Software Load Balancing (SLB) for SDN

Software Defined Networking (SDN) provides a method to centrally configure and manage physical and virtual network devices such as routers, switches, and gateways in your datacenter. Virtual network elements such as Hyper-V Virtual Switch, Hyper-V Network Virtualization, and Windows Server Gateway are designed to be integral elements of your software defined networking infrastructure. While you can still use your existing physical switches, routers, and other hardware devices, you can achieve deeper integration between the virtual network and the physical network if these devices are designed for compatibility with software defined networking.

Network Load Balancing (NLB) for non-SDN

For this demo I created a NLB script that can be found here Create a Windows Server 2016 NLB Network Load Balancing farm https://gallery.technet.microsoft.com/Create-a-Windows-Server-05a13f14

I use a couple of Windows Server 2016 server for the Load Balancing each node has two network adapters and runs IIS with a default website

Network Load Balancing and other software components

 

Network Load Balancing is not nic teaming as nic teaming is on the same host and Network Load Balancing is combining all nodes to one VIP Virtual IP address.

First we install the NLB feature on each node.

Install-WindowsFeature NLB –IncludeManagementTools

To view a complete list of NLB CMDlets type the following CMDlet, Get-command -module NetworkLoadBalancingClusters

image

To Create a New NLB Cluster you can do this in the GUI or in Powershell

image

First I rename the Network Adapter to get a better overview

#Rename NIC
Rename-NetAdapter -Name "Ethernet" -NewName "NLB"

#Create NLB
New-NLBCluster –Interface “NLB” -OperationMode Unicast -ClusterPrimaryIP  -ClusterName WS2016NLB –verbose

Showing the NLB cluster info

Get-NLBClusterNode | Format-List *

image

then I removed all the default rules why would you NLB all the ports ?

#Removing default port rule for the NLB Cluster
Write-Host "Removing default port rule…" -ForegroundColor yellow
Get-NlbClusterPortRule -HostName . | Remove-NlbClusterPortRule -Force

#Adding port rules 80
Write-Host "Added port rule for http (tcp 80)" -ForegroundColor yellow
Add-NlbClusterPortRule -Protocol Tcp -Mode Multiple -Affinity Single -StartPort 80 -EndPort 80 -InterfaceName $InterfaceName -IP $ClusterPrimaryIP| Out-Null
#Adding port rules 443
Write-Host "Added port rule for https (tcp 443)" -ForegroundColor yellow
Add-NlbClusterPortRule -Protocol Tcp -Mode Multiple -Affinity Single -StartPort 443 -EndPort 443 -InterfaceName $InterfaceName -IP $ClusterPrimaryIP| Out-Null

Now that Port 80 and 443 are in the NLB we can add some nodes

As I added the -Affinity Single option keep in mind that your application support this option. Running websites parts from different servers is sometimes a pain for the developer.

The Affinity parameter is applicable only for the Multiple hosts filtering mode.

  • The None option specifies that multiple connections from the same client IP address can be handled by different cluster hosts (there is no client affinity). To allow Network Load Balancing to properly handle IP fragments, you should avoid using None when selecting UDP or Both for your protocol setting.
  • The Single option specifies that NLB should direct multiple requests from the same client IP address to the same cluster host. This is the default setting for affinity. You can optionally modify the NLB client affinity to direct all client requests from a TCP/IP Class C address range (instead of a single IP address) to a single cluster host by enabling the Network option instead of the Single option. This feature ensures that clients that use multiple proxy servers to access the cluster can have their TCP connections directed to the same cluster host.
  • The Network option specifies that NLB direct multiple requests from the same TCP/IP Class C address range to the same cluster host. Enabling Network affinity instead of Single affinity ensures that clients that use multiple proxy servers to access the cluster have their TCP connections directed to the same cluster host.
    The use of multiple proxy servers at the client’s site causes requests from a single client to appear to originate from different computers. Assuming that all of the client’s proxy servers are located within the same address range, Network affinity ensures that client sessions are properly handled. If you do not need this capability, use Single affinity to maximize scaled performance.

 

adding a second node is easy in Powershell or do this in the GUI add node and follow the steps.

$InterfaceName = “NLB”
$Node2Fqdn=”MVPNLB502.mvp.local”

Get-NlbCluster -HostName $env:COMPUTERNAME | Add-NlbClusterNode -NewNodeName $Node2Fqdn -NewNodeInterface $InterfaceName –Verbose

image

and as you can see if you don’t rename all the nic adapters it looks a bit messy. If you ever need to troubleshoot then it is easy to get NLB traffic and or other network traffic.

Now that the NLB cluster is ready we can use it for say a webserver. make sure the DNS Record is created in the DNS and If you are using multiple Cluster Virtual IP’s make sure they are also in the DNS. I always use an IP for the cluster and for the websites I use separate IP’s and all sites running on different IP’s / NLB VIP If I need to change some thing on the webserver it has no impact on all the other servers. I also Added a few more NLB nodes. that has already a configured website.

 

Now to get this to work with IIS

image

That is right page not found. Check the DNS see if the record is created. and make sure the website IIS is running on this IP

Go to the IIS manager and check the website bindings, default it is listening on all IP but this is not the behavior that I want I want a NLB. So we need to set the website on the NLB IP configured earlier.  When Having multiple IP on the NLB pick the right IP!

imageimageimage

Remember this you need to do this on all the Webservers!

image

For creating a NLB farm you can use my script that is posted in the TechNet gallery.

 Create a Windows Server 2016 NLB Network Load Balancing farm https://gallery.technet.microsoft.com/Create-a-Windows-Server-05a13f14

 

 

Flickr Tags: Windows Server 2016,CloudOS

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Posted October 27, 2016 by Robert Smit [MVP] in Windows Server 2016

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Upgrading to Windows Server 2016 Failure or Success #Windows2016 #Server #CloudOS   Leave a comment

How ever Windows Server 2016 is supporting Rolling Upgrades Upgrading to Windows Server 2016 but this is only for a Cluster.

For other Servers you can upgrade your server or better reinstall. Bet you all choose for the Clean install.

image

Installation is the basic concept of getting the new operating system on your hardware. Specifically, a clean installation requires deleting the previous operating system. For information about installing Windows Server 2016, see System Requirements and Installation Information for Windows Server 2016. For information about installing other versions of Windows Server, see Windows Server Installation and Upgrade.

https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/windows-server-docs/get-started/supported-upgrade-paths

Well in this case I try a sample Domain controller. This has several roles and is migrated from 2008<>2012<>2012R2 and now to 2016 so is this the best option ? Well this DC has ADFS,CA,had Identity Management for UNIX. So a not so typical DC.

image

So I removed all unneeded components like ADFS and the Identity Management for UNIX was not available on my DC. ( did not make a screenshot )

no mater what I did I need to deinstall the components the following article was a help https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc731178(v=ws.11).aspx

Well not totally the message was still there reboot / showdown nothing. Was there anything stuck on this DC ?

Well this the DC is getting replaced the fastest way Clean install. I build a new DC with Windows Server 2016 installed the AD role on the server. Important is moving the FSMO roles.

After I did a Forest prep and Domain prep I joined the Server to the domain.

Finding the FSMO roles

netdom query fsmo

image

Moving the Roles can done in the old way but also in powershell

Move-ADDirectoryServerOperationMasterRole -Identity “Your-DC” -OperationMasterRole SchemaMaster,RIDMaster,InfrastructureMaster,DomainNamingMaster,PDCEmulator

After I moved the FSMO roles and rebooted and Updated both DC’s I thought lets find why the upgrade won’t work on the original Domain controller.

After I started the upgrade I was shocked that the Upgrade had no Issues anymore. Leasons learned In case of Upgrading the Domain controller and you have some Issues : create a new DC and Join move the FSMO roles reboot the DC’s and try again if you really need this DC. but a Clean OS install is much faster and better but you will need to install some apps again or tools. maybe this is a good time to automate this. 

image

Installing or removing Identity Management for UNIX by using a command line

https://blogs.technet.microsoft.com/activedirectoryua/2016/02/09/identity-management-for-unix-idmu-is-deprecated-in-windows-server/

Quick reference table of supported upgrade paths from older Windows Server retail editions to Windows Server 2016 retail editions:

If you are running these versions and editions: You can upgrade to these versions and editions:
Windows Server 2012 Standard Windows Server 2016 Standard or Datacenter
Windows Server 2012 Datacenter Windows Server 2016 Datacenter
Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard Windows Server 2016 Standard or Datacenter
Windows Server 2012 R2 Datacenter Windows Server 2016 Datacenter
Hyper-V Server 2012 R2 Hyper-V Server 2016 (using Cluster OS Rolling Upgrade feature)
Windows Server 2012 R2 Essentials Windows Server 2016 Essentials
Windows Storage Server 2012 Standard Windows Storage Server 2016 Standard
Windows Storage Server 2012 Workgroup Windows Storage Server 2016 Workgroup
Windows Storage Server 2012 R2 Standard Windows Storage Server 2016 Standard
Windows Storage Server 2012 R2 Workgroup Windows Storage Server 2016 Workgroup

 

License conversion

You can convert Windows Server 2016 Standard (retail) to Windows Server 2016 Datacenter (retail).

You can convert Windows Server 2016 Essentials (retail) to Windows Server 2016 Standard (retail).

You can convert the evaluation version of Windows Server 2016 Standard to either Windows Server 2016 Standard (retail) or Datacenter (retail).

You can convert the evaluation version of Windows Server 2016 Datacenter to Windows Server 2016 Datacenter (retail).

 

Upgrading to Windows Server 2012 R2

For details, including important caveats and limitations on upgrade, license conversion between editions of Windows Server 2012 R2, and conversion of evaluation editions to retail, see Upgrade Options for Windows Server 2012 R2.

Quick reference table of supported upgrade paths from older Windows Server retail editions to Windows Server 2012 R2 retail editions:

If you are running: You can upgrade to these editions:
Windows Server 2008 R2 Datacenter with SP1 Windows Server 2012 R2 Datacenter
Windows Server 2008 R2 Enterprise with SP1 Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard or Windows Server 2012 R2 Datacenter
Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard with SP1 Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard or Windows Server 2012 R2 Datacenter
Windows Web Server 2008 R2 with SP1 Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard
Windows Server 2012 Datacenter Windows Server 2012 R2 Datacenter
Windows Server 2012 Standard Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard or Windows Server 2012 R2 Datacenter
Hyper-V Server 2012 Hyper-V Server 2012 R2

License conversion

You can convert Windows Server 2012 Standard (retail) to Windows Server 2012 Datacenter (retail).

You can convert Windows Server 2012 Essentials (retail) to Windows Server 2012 Standard (retail).

You can convert the evaluation version of Windows Server 2012 Standard to either Windows Server 2012 Standard (retail) or Datacenter (retail).

Use Full Links :

Upgrade and conversion options for Windows Server 2016 https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/windows-server-docs/get-started/supported-upgrade-paths

Release Notes: Important Issues in Windows Server 2016 https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/windows-server-docs/get-started/windows-server-2016-ga-release-notes

What’s New in Windows Server 2016 https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/windows-server-docs/get-started/what-s-new-in-windows-server-2016-technical-preview-5

Server role upgrade and migration matrix for Windows Server 2016 https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/windows-server-docs/get-started/server-role-upgradeability-table?f=255&MSPPError=-2147217396

Cluster operating system rolling upgrade https://technet.microsoft.com/windows-server-docs/failover-clustering/cluster-operating-system-rolling-upgrade

 

 

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Posted October 13, 2016 by Robert Smit [MVP] in Windows Server 2016

Tagged with

How To use Windows Server 2016 Hyper-V VMGroups #winserv #Cloud #Hyperv #Windowsserver2016   Leave a comment

Suppose you have some Hyper-v Machine’s and running Azure Stack and the VM’s have all follow up codes and there are say 1000 DC and 2000 File servers etc this is a hard time to manage. So there for in Windows Server 2016 you can work with VMGroups. So you don’t have to list all 11151 VM’s on the Hyper-v server to manage a VM you can create groups and manage the Group.  multiple changes in one simple action.

All these options are PowerShell only there is no GUI or indication that there is a configuration active So be careful when you are starting with this.

New-VMGroup

Just a Quick selection how many VM’s are on this host.

New-VMGroup

VMGroups how does this work and how can I use it.

First check what commands we have Add-Get-New-Remove

Get-Command *vmgroup* to get a listing on the Group commands

New-VMGroup

VM groups comes in two types

  • VM collections: which is a logical collection of VMs on which you can take some actions at the level group.
  • Management collection: is a logical collection of VM collection groups and or mixed groups

VM Groups can be used when doing the same task to multiple VM’s say backing up Shared VHDX or setting up Replication or start stop VM’s . Its also provide easy management of multiple VMs when using VM Collection Groups.

First we need to create a new group

In this sample I’m using several groups as I have a lot off VM’s running on this Hyper-V server they are divided in several groups.

as the –Verbose will show you some text on what the command did.

# Create new VM Group
New-VMGroup -Name AstackDC -GroupType VMCollectionType –Verbose

New-VMGroup

Now that the Group is created we can add members to the group. as Currently there are no members in any group

Get-VMGroup |SELECT NAME,VMMEMBERS

New-VMGroup

As I have a lot off VM’s with all follow up numbers if need to combine them and not picking them by hand.

First my first 20 Machines are all tenant Domain controllers I create a VM group to combine all these DC’s

$AstackDCten=1..10 | % { Get-VM -Name azurestvm0$_}

New-VMGroup

#Add VMs to the VM Collection Groups

$AstackDCten=1..10 | % { Get-VM -Name azurestvm0$_}
Add-VMGroupMember -VMGroup (Get-VMGroup AstackDCten) -VM $AstackDCten
Get-VMGroup AstackDCten

New-VMGroup

Suppose you want to do maintenance on the DC’s you could create a A and B group and during patching you reboot A first and then B.  It is all possible.

#View the membership of the groups
Get-VM | ft Name, Groups -AutoSize

image

Get-VMGroup AstackDC

As you can see there are now multiple ways to show the VM’s  Say you have a test lab or during maintenance you want to stop some VM’s

#Perform actions on the group as if it were a VM
Stop-VM -VM (Get-VMGroup AstackDC).VMMembers
Start-VM -VM (Get-VMGroup AstackDC).VMMembers

Or you can setup a VM replication

Enable-VMReplication -VM (Get-VMGroup AstackDC).VMMembers –ReplicaServerName SOFS08 -ReplicaServerPort 50001 -AuthenticationType Kerberos -CompressionEnabled 1 -ReplicationFrequencySec 30 -AutoResynchronizeEnabled 1  –recoveryhistory 4 –vsssnapshotfrequency 4

Or check the memory and upgrade all VM’s in a group Plenty of options there.

 

#Create combined VM Management Group with AstackDC and AstackDCten

New-VMGroup -Name MgmtDCGroup -GroupType ManagementCollectionType

image
Add-VMGroupMember -VMGroup (Get-VMGroup MgmtDCGroup) -VMGroupMember (Get-VMGroup AstackDC)
Add-VMGroupMember -VMGroup (Get-VMGroup MgmtDCGroup) -VMGroupMember (Get-VMGroup AstackDCten)

Get-VMGroup -Name MgmtDCGroup

image

#Create VM Management Group with MgmtDCGroup and AVMDCWAPGroup to show nesting

New-VMGroup -Name MgmtDCFullGroup -GroupType ManagementCollectionType

Add-VMGroupMember -VMGroup (Get-VMGroup MgmtDCFullGroup ) -VMGroupMember (Get-VMGroup MgmtDCGroup )
Add-VMGroupMember -VMGroup (Get-VMGroup MgmtDCFullGroup ) -VMGroupMember (Get-VMGroup AVMDCWAPGroup )
Get-VMGroup MgmtDCFullGroup | Select-Object -ExpandProperty VMGroupMembers

image

As you can see with a view VM’s this is not that complicated but with a large amount of VM’s this can rapidly grow to a uncontrolled situation. As this must be done from PowerShell use the ISE if you do something wrong you can easily delete the groups and add them again and think about the group names and members before you start

VM Collection Groups are fairly simple. They maintain a membership of virtual machines, those VM groups contain actual VMs.

Management Collection Groups

The Management Collection Groups, on the other hand maintain a membership of VM Collection Groups. Please note that VMs cannot directly belong to the membership of a management collection.

The group name for VM and Management collection groups might be confusing a little bit, in order to differentiate between both groups, we can refer to the collection group using the first name “VM” (membership of individual virtual machines), and “Management” “MGMT” (membership of VM groups).

 

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VMGROUP Removal

If you want to delete the management collection group, you need to remove first the VM groups from the management collection and then delete the management group.

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The following PowerShell script will allow you to do so:
# Remove VM Group Members from Management Collection
Remove-VMGroupMember -VMGroup (Get-VMGroup MgmtDCGroup) -VMGroupMember (Get-VMGroup AstackDCten) –Verbose

Remove-VMGroupMember -VMGroup (Get-VMGroup MgmtDCGroup) -VMGroupMember (Get-VMGroup AstackDC) -Verbose

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remove-VMGroup -Name MgmtDCGroup –Verbose

So always remove the nested Groups first there is no Force option that deletes the whole Tree at once.

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When there are no nested groups or VM’s in the group you can delete the Group.

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VM management is getting more complicated as the VM’s are growing and central management is great and now with the VMgroups you can easy manage a large amount of VM single handed.

 

 

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Posted September 7, 2016 by Robert Smit [MVP] in Windows Server 2016

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Deploying Storage Spaces Direct with VMM 2016 or with Powershell #Cloud #hyperconverged #SysCtr #S2D   1 comment

Windows Server 2016 comes with al lot of new options and Hyper-converged is one of the new options. In this blog post I’ll show you what options you have when using VMM and S2D. The tools are great but so is PowerShell and it always depends on what and how you are building things.

Storage Spaces Direct is a bit like building a Do It Your Self San multiple heads lots of Storage can lose one Head , low costs.

Storage Spaces Direct seamlessly integrates with the Hyper-V / Files Servers you know today. The Windows Server 2016 software defined storage stack, including Clustered Shared Volume File System (CSVFS), Storage Spaces and Failover Clustering.

The hyper-converged deployment scenario has the Hyper-V servers and Storage Spaces Direct components on the same cluster. Virtual machine’s files are stored on local CSVs. This allows for scaling Hyper-V clusters together with the storage it is using. Once Storage Spaces Direct is configured (Enable-ClusterS2D) and the CSV volumes are available, configuring and provisioning Hyper-V is the same process and uses the same tools that you would use with any other Hyper-V deployment on a failover cluster. but now with System Center Virtual Machine Manager 2016 we can also configure this during the deployment.

Hyper-Converged Stack

Above are the layers shown, as you can see the Storage is defined in 3 parts physical disks, spaces and the CSV volumes.

So basically we can configure the cluster with Storage Spaces Direct by hand (PowerShell) or if you are using VMM you can do this by using templates and the GUI. but is this the same and is this handy ? The only change I did in this post is create a Scale out file server to use the Storage Spaces Direct volumes.

Well it is nice that you can do this but when configuring this by hand it gives you much more flexibility and configuration and yes maybe more complex but understanding the method is better than following a wizard.

Let see the options we have in VMM there are a couple of ways to configure this it all depends.

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Create a Hyper-V cluster and tap the enable Storage Spaces Direct option.

 

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Or Create a Scale Out file server and check what you want shared Storage or enable Storage Spaces Direct option.

But you can also Create the cluster in VMM and configure later the Storage Spaces Direct. The fact is that VMM 2016 can create and maintain the Storage layer. all from a single interface.

So for this demo I use 4 Servers Sofs02,Sofs04,Sofs06,Sofs08 each server has 8 local Disks

 

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These 4 servers will be transformed to a Storage Space Direct Cluster

first let me check of all the disks on the server.

Get-PhysicalDisk | ? CanPool -EQ 1 | FT FriendlyName, BusType, MediaType, Size

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Storage Spaces Direct uses BusType and MediaType to automatically configure caching, storage pool and storage tiering. In Hyper-V virtual machines, the media type is reported as unspecified. So if you are using tools that are expecting certain types of disk you need to fix this.

else when running the cluster validation the cluster creation will fail.

Found a disk with unsupported media type on node ‘Sofs02.mvp.local’. Supported media types are SSD and HDD.

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Step one is creating a Hyper-v cluster.

 

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As my servers are in the Storage VMM host group I’ll pick this group. Give the cluster a name and Check the Storage Spaces Direct check box.

So typical when creating this by hand you would do this in PowerShell

install-WindowsFeature "Failover-Clustering","RSAT-Clustering" -IncludeAllSubFeature –ComputerName “sofs02”,”sofs04”,”sofs06”,”sofs08”

Test-Cluster -Node “sofs02”,”sofs04”,”sofs06”,”sofs08”

New-Cluster –Name Democlu201 -Node “sofs02”,”sofs04”,”sofs06”,”sofs08”  -NoStorage -StaticAddress "10.255.255.110"

Enable-ClusterS2D -CacheMode Disabled -AutoConfig:0 –SkipEligibilityChecks  ( as you are running VHDX disks )

The big difference here is you can’t customize this cluster during this step so no Quorum or any other settings.

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Selecting all the nodes

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Giving the Cluster a Fix IP or pick one random from the IP pool

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All the tasks are running an in a few minutes we have a Cluster that holds a Storage Space Direct unless it Fails the cluster validation test.

If you are using the S2D you must run the Cluster validation test and remember only SSD and HDD media type Disks are supported. So if the media type is unspecified or unknown the Validation report will fail and so is this job.

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In our case the job went successful and the cluster with Storage Space Direct is ready for usage.

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Now that the cluster is ready you can use the Storage after creating the pool.

And if you already have build a hyper-converged  Cluster Hyper-V servers and Storage Spaces Direct components then you can us this also in VMM.

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Now that the Cluster is added we can create a Pool.

In case you build the Storage Spaces Direct with Powershell you end up with something like this :

#Create storage pool 
New-StoragePool  -StorageSubSystemName Pool01.mvp.local –FriendlyName Pool01 -WriteCacheSizeDefault 0 -FaultDomainAwarenessDefault StorageScaleUnit -ProvisioningTypeDefault Fixed -ResiliencySettingNameDefault Mirror -PhysicalDisk (Get-StorageSubSystem  -Name Pool01.mvp.local| Get-PhysicalDisk)

#list Storage pool

Get-StoragePool Pool01

#removal of the Storagepool 
Remove-StoragePool –Name Pool01.mvp.local

But when using the VMM Gui tool you will not get the friendly name as when you do this in Powershell

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But this is easy changable

TO check if the Cluster Storage Spaces Direct is enabled you can run a PowerShell command

(Get-Cluster).S2DEnabled

Or check your Cluster under Storage en Enclosures Every server is listed as his own enclosure.

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Now that the Enclosures are listed We create the pools and the disks

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We select the Clustered Pool and do manage to create the Virtual disk

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We create a New Pool and if you not created a Classification you will need to do this to.

Give this a name and Pick the disk that you want I select all the Disk and use them for one big Pool.

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Now that we have selected all the disk and created the pool we can create a Virtual disk on the Pool

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Creating the disk can be a little confusing in the VMM GUI as you need to press Cancel and OK.

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Give the disk a name

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Pick the right Size as my pool s 168GB and I can only do a Mirror you understand I can’t create a 160Gb disk, I have 4 nodes press ca

 

How can this guide help you? You can use this guide and the Software-Defined Storage Design Calculator spreadsheet to design a storage solution that uses the Storage Spaces and Scale-Out File Server functionality of Windows Server 2012 R2 along with cost-effective servers and shared serial-attached SCSI (SAS) storage enclosures.

#Create virtual disks
New-Volume –StoragePoolFriendlyName Pool01 -FriendlyName CSV02 -PhysicalDiskRedundancy 1 -FileSystem CSVFS_REFS –Size 48GB

As you can see I created a Scale out file server and used the Storage Spaces Direct as storage.

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#create Cluster
New-StorageFileServer –StorageSubSystemName DemoClu201.mvp.local –FriendlyName Demosofs201 -HostName Demosofs201.mvp.local -Protocols SMB

#Create file shares and Folders 
md C:\ClusterStorage\Volume1\shares\VM01

New-SmbShare –Name VM01 -Path C:\ClusterStorage\Volume1\shares\VM01 -FullAccess "mvp\Domain Admins"

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Now that the File share and SOFS is in place we can add the share to the hyper-v server or cluster for usage.

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When creating a VM we can use the Storage Spaces Direct to place a VM but as you can see in this post there are several methods to do things and each option has a different choice the right one well it is all on you and it depends. see this table below with the pros and cons.

Storage Spaces deployment tools

Tool

Advantages

Disadvantages

Failover Cluster Manager & Server Manager

  • Easy to use

  • Slow automatic refreshes in Server Manager when working with storage

  • Some tasks require Windows PowerShell

  • No automation can make provisioning more than a couple virtual disks and file shares tedious

System Center Virtual Machine Manager

  • Easy to use

  • Partial automation of cluster deployment

  • Automated management of file share permissions

  • Can be used to deploy and manage VMs

  • Some tasks require Windows PowerShell (including storage tiers)

  • Requires System Center licenses

  • Might require additional infrastructure if you don’t already have System Center or are deploying at a scale that’s greater than your existing deployment can handle

Microsoft Deployment Toolkit

  • Lots of control over operating system installation options

  • Can be used to deploy other PCs and servers

  • Can be complex

  • Some approaches require System Center Configuration Manager licenses

Windows PowerShell

  • Complete control over all aspects of storage

  • Can automate by writing scripts

  • Requires knowledge of Windows PowerShell

  • Scripts require development and testing

After writing this post I can see If you should do this then I would use PowerShell to build the cluster and Storage Spaces direct and add them to VMM but for deploying the basics VMM could be very handy but it all depends on your infra structure.

The VMM option is really great but for me it takes to long to do stuff and often the job fails because I made a typo or the naming is not the way I want it. And the usage of the Storage Spaces Well the Hyper-Converged option vs the Converged option it has it challenges and it all depends on the hardware you have. but for my testlab or in Azure S2D runs great.

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Posted August 22, 2016 by Robert Smit [MVP] in Windows Server 2016

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